Specifically philosophical questions, in the western tradition, here include:
In high-altitude mountaineering there appears to be an abandonment
of normal moral considerations. For example, walking past a
dying climber in order to 'bag' the summit. What justification,
if any, can be given for this behaviour?
Why is personal risk taking by mountaineers more socially acceptable
than, say, the personal risk involved in taking recreational
drugs? Can a robust philosophical justification be given of
this apparent double standard?